Engendering Rural Information Systems in Indonesia

11 Julio 2007

By Chat Garcia Ramilo, Sonia Jorge, and Wati Hermawati

The study by the World Bank on Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for Rural Development in Indonesia: Issues and Options, aims at identifying policies, technologies, institutions and investments needed to improve access to ICTs and promote rural development in Indonesia. A critical part of this study is a gender specific component, to ensure that the strategies developed and recommended are informed by a comprehensive gender analysis, and further integrate gender considerations into national ICT policy, planning and implementation.

The strategies developed by this gender analysis follow four broad aspects:

*Policy dialogue: Where gender experts facilitate the development of gender-sensitive strategies for rural information systems through outreach to potential partners, and provide recommendations for interventions to facilitate the development of shared perspectives and priorities between the Government of Indonesia (GOI), civil society, the donor community, and the private sector.

*Leveraging resources: To identify opportunities for collaboration with the private sector in resource mobilization, as well as establishing multi-stakeholder partnerships that can contribute to the successful implementation of ICT access projects in rural areas.

*Institutional Strengthening: To ensure that Government, national regulatory and other entities involved in the governance of the ICT sector have the necessary capacity to analyze and incorporate a gender perspective in the policy making and planning processes.

*Improving Livelihoods of Rural Women: To examine and identify innovative ways in which ICT can be used to improve income-earning opportunities for women entrepreneurs in small and micro-enterprises in rural areas as well as women farmers. This includes a focus on two important aspects: a) development of relevant local content; and b) choice of technology, including innovative ways to combine traditional technologies such as radio, video, CD-ROMs, and printed matters to reach the illiterate and the poor in rural community tele-service centers (CTCs).

The table of content includes chapters:

Rural Women in Indonesia: Some key considerations

ICT in rural Indonesia: a gender perspective

Connectivity and Access to Information

Information and content for rural women

Access and information via the internet

Capacity Building and ICT in Education

Computer literacy and Capacity Building for Women in Poor Communities

Use of ICTs by grassroots women's organizations

Gender mainstreaming within the government: the case of the Ministry of Communications and Information and the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment

Gender Mainstreaming in MCI

Ministry of Women’s Empowerment: finding its way through ICT

Towards a gendered development of ICT in rural Indonesia: Key action items

A. Facilitating rural access through community access centers

B. Strengthening Content Development

C. Supporting rural women's cooperatives as potential rural service providers

D. Developing strategies to integrate gender mainstreaming in National ICT policies programs and projects

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