Online violence, bullying, harassment, theft of identity, non-consensual circulation of intimate images - are now being recognised as offences in most countries, and acknowledged in public discourse as misogyny and attempts to silence women and gender-diverse people (gender non conforming, gender queer, trans gender, non binary and intersex people, and others) from participation in public life and denying them their rights to free expression and association, especially online. This bilingual edition in English and Spanish looks at new and emerging issues in relation to online gender-based violence (GBV) in Malaysia, Egypt, India, Palestine, north America, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico and various other countries and contexts.
- liability of State and companies
- regulations for circulation of images
- remedies in private, criminal, civil law and remedies offered by companies
- intersectionality and impact on women from varied backgrounds including minority women, Dalit women, black and Nubian women
- technology-based and app-based solutions to online GBV
- silencing of diverse people and expressions; silencing of activists and human rights defenders who are women or gender-diverse
As the 38th regular session of the United Nations Human Rights Council begins, this collection of articles focuses on forms of online gender-based violence and technology-facilitated violence and varied methods of tackling the problem - death threats to women journalists online, the silencing of women and marginalised voices, ineffective legal frameworks to tackle the problem, technology and app-based solutions to GBV, to the circulation of rape videos and related extortion of vulnerable women. This edition also looks more closely at who faces higher proportion of online GBV and more vicious forms of abuse online - and this focus on intersectionality changes the nature of the discourse around online GBV and vulnerability.