National ICT Strategies

Baseline study: Technology related violence against women in Bosnia and Herzegovina

OneWorldSEE on 14 Jun 2013
This initiative aims to identify and map the existing situation on the ground, in terms of challenges that impede the understanding of violence against women and girls in digital spaces, and violence committed through use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A poll and an interview were intended for and conducted in organizations/institutions that work in the area of women's human rights and/or are active in the domain of ICTs.

UN Universal Periodic Review: Submission on internet-related human rights issues in Mexico

APC on 9 Apr 2013
In partnership with members and networks, APC is working to protect and promote human rights online, engaging governments and other relevant stakeholders through a variety of United Nations processes including participating in the Universal Periodic Review (UPR). This submission prepared by APC and LaNeta under the APC project "End violence: Women's rights and safety online project", focuses on human rights on the internet, with a particular focus on violence against women, and protection of journalists and human rights defenders.

Baseline study: Legal and regulatory framework in Colombia on VAW and ICT - Executive summary

Colnodo on 8 Apr 2013
This executive summary outlines the baseline for the present legal and regulatory framework in Colombia on violence against women (VAW) and information and communication technologies (ICT). The data was gathered by collecting information on the legal and regulatory framework. Three main aspects were identified: 1. The criminal offenses defined in the Criminal Code and related to a greater or lesse degree to the violence against women and ICT. 2. The criminal offenses related directly to ICT and VAW. 3. The information technology offenses which are related to the use of ICT for committing crimes against privacy, property, public trust, etc. In the case of women those offenses committed against their life, personal integrity, freedom, autonomy, and dignity among others.

Philippines: “If no justice is given to the survivors/victims then the laws become useless”

Esther Nasikye on 8 Apr 2013
Violence against women in the Philippines is considered a public crime. According to the Philippines National Demographic and Health Survey, one in five women aged 15-49 has experienced physical violence since age 15. The advent of computers and internet exposes women to another dimension of violence. GenderIT.org writer, Esther Nasikye, talked to Foundation for Media Alternatives about the forms that violence against women takes online, and if new laws are needed to specifically address this issue.

Baseline study: Report on VAW and its reporting system in Philippines

Flavia Fascendini on 5 Apr 2013
When it comes to gender issues, technology presents opportunities and likewise challenges. Opportunities to promote gender equality and equity to end discrimination are endless and borderless. However, technology has become an unwilling accomplice that inflicts gender-based violence. Statistical data on violence against women and other gender-related crimes are regularly gathered to know if efforts of government have been effective in gradually reducing the number of these crimes and brought more victim-survivors to justice. Many have been said about how poor, dismal and incomprehensible these data are for the general cases of VAW. However, the main purpose of this study is to know the state of reporting and documenting of technology-related cases of violence against women so that it can help in the drafting of the guidelines and protocols for eVAW. Are there reports available on technology-related VAW? If yes, how are they documented? What is the reporting mechanism used?

Baseline study: Violence against women and gender based harassment in context of ICT penetration in Pakistan

Flavia Fascendini on 5 Apr 2013
This report is intended to provide insight into the use of ICT tools as a means of women empowerment, aiming to dissect their use in facilitating women in realising leadership roles in society. The report is meant primarily to tackle the issues of ‘Violence against women’ (VAW) and ‘Gender based cyber harassment’ in Pakistan, and to address these issues by holding a discourse on the use of ICTs as tools for the betterment of this condition – by enabling and positioning women in roles where they can proactively work towards such a goal themselves.

Violence against women in Colombia: ICT overshadowed

In Colombia there is no law or public policy that relates directly to violence against women and information and communication technologies. "This is a scenario where a lot that needs to be done, but which, at the same time, offers us an opportunity," said Olga Martinez Paz of the organization Colnodo, which runs the Colombia part of the APC project "End violence: women's rights and safety online." GenderIT.org contributor Florencia Flores Iborra interviewed her about the highlights of the project in its first year and expectations for the coming year, the national legislative scene, the experience with mapping and documentation, and advocacy work on the local political level.

Women human rights defenders and digital security: Reflections with a Latin American accent

Daysi Flores on 5 Nov 2012
A survey of women human rights defenders (WHRDs) conducted as part of APC’s Connect Your Rights! campaign revealed some interesting practices and perceptions in terms of their use of information and communications technologies in their work. Daysi Flores, a GenderIT.org contributor, analyses the preliminary results of the survey, in light of the realities of Latin America.

Who benefits from the silence? Freedom of expression and women human rights defenders in Costa Rica, Honduras and Guatemala

Daysi Flores on 5 Nov 2012
In this article, Daysi Flores, a JASS Mesoamérica representative and GenderIT.org contributor, looks at a number of new cybercrime laws in Costa Rica, Honduras and Guatemala that pose a threat to online security, the right to privacy, and freedom of expression and association for the countries’ citizens in general, but for women human rights defenders in particular.

UPR of South Africa: Connecting the right to communication to women´s rights

Sonia Randhawa on 15 Jun 2012
South Africa's constitution guarantees freedom of expression, and has been interpreted to include the right to community media and to creative journalistic content. However, these progressive interpretations come in the light of broadcasting, rather than the internet. Online media and its regulation in South Africa fall short of the human rights standards that South Africa has recognised under existing treaties, and under its Constitution.

16x16: rights . violence . technology - joining the dots

Kateřina Fialová on 31 Jul 2010
Take Back The Tech! presentation narrating the story of how violence against women and ICTs links together in 16 slides x 16 seconds.

South Africa: Pornography and the internet - justifiable protection or entrenching patriarchy?

on 28 Jul 2010
A draft Bill proposing a ban on sexual content on the internet and cellphones submitted to the South African Department of Home Affairs in May 2010 claims to have the best interests of women and children in mind. The Bill was submitted to the Department, which oversees the Film and Publications Board, by a non-profit organisation called Justice Alliance of South Africa (JASA).

Women and cybercrime in Kenya: the dark side of ICTS (Working document)

Kateřina Fialová on 20 Jul 2010
This study was commissioned by KICTANET as part of the GRACE Project, and supported by the International Development and Research Center (IDRC). It documents cybercrime against women in Kenya and by extrapolation the East African Community Member states. For example the study examines the type and quantity of prevalent cybercrime against women or how does cyber crime affect women differently. The general objective of this study is to contribute to development of cyber security legislation in Kenya in order to provide a secure safe space, for women to exercise their right to communicate without fear of abuse, harassment, and violence. It is targeted primarily to the government/governmental agencies, international organisations, women organisations and media.

Trafficking in human beings: Internet recruitment

Kateřina Fialová on 20 Jul 2010
This study is one of the outputs of the project on the Misuse of the Internet for the recruitment of victims of trafficking in human beings launched by the Council of Europe, and funded by the Government of Monaco. The study documents the various ways in which victims are recruited via the internet, and anticipate possible future techniques. It also highlights some of the best practices used to combat this misuse of the internet, and makes recommendations on legal, judicial, administrative and technical means of combating use of the internet for trafficking in human beings. The study is based on data collected from 22 member states of the Council of Europe.

Internet regulation and the Brazilian EroTICs context

Marina Maria on 2 Jun 2010
Authors Sonia Corrêa, Marina Maria and Jandira Queiroz document how gender and sexuality have been at the heart of internet regulation debates in Brazil. However, this centrality does not necessarily translate to the discourses, analysis and the political claims of social actors involved in sexual politics, on the one hand, and digital politics, on the other. In the authors' view, there is no clarity or positioning among feminists and LGBT activists regarding the ways in which gender and sexuality issues are at play in the political dynamics of internet regulation. Further no strong interaction exists between communication rights advocates and the world of sexual politics. Nevertheless the authors perceive cyber activists' commitment to privacy rights as very auspicious for sexual and reproductive rights.
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